How Ballast Water Treatment System Works?

Introduction: -?We are quite sure that not many people heard about ballast water. But if you are related to marine tasks or working on a ship, then you are familiar with this. Ballast water only can be seen in the ballast tanks and cargo spaces of ships. It plays a crucial role to maintain the stable position of a ship while it carrying heavy cargo or is empty. But ballast water consists of microorganisms of the sea that is harmful to the ballast tank.?

Ballast Water Treatment System

Therefore, Ballast Water Treatment System is highly required to properly function the ballast tank of a ship. In our today?s discussion, we will fetch about the system that is used for ballast water treatment. 

What Is A Ballast Water Treatment System?

To separate or destroy harmful planktons, bacteria, and sea algae from ballast water, Ballast Water Treatment Systemis truly essential. From this treatment method, the ballast tank will stay well-functional and last long. But before installing a ballast water treatment system, some crucial factors must be kept in mind. These are as follows-

  • Simple installation and maintenance process.
  • Efficient ballast water treatment function.
  • Environmental friendly.
  • Secure option for the crew.
  • Fits in budget.
  • Durable.

How Does the Ballast Water Treatment System Work?

A well-functioned ballast water treatment system consists of several filtration modes. It ensures efficient disinfection from the ballast tank water. Below, we have listed some of the essential ballast water treatment processes.

  1. Treatment Using Heat: – Heat treatment is one of the exciting methods of disinfecting ballast water. Here in this process ballast water will be heated at a higher heat so that harmful microorganisms are destroyed and get outside through the outer tank. Heat treatment can be effective but it might take a long time to be heated the ballast water. 
  1. Disinfection by Chemicals: – In many ballast water treatment processes, chemical compounds are used to disinfect the ballast water. Chlorine, Formaldehyde, Hydrogen peroxide, per acetic acid, etc can be used as a chemical base to destroy micro sea organisms from the ballast water. Before applying any ballast treatment must use Float Level Switch to detect the liquid level present in the ballast tank.
  1. Oxygen Deprivation: – Deoxygenating is highly effective to kill all the living micro sea organisms in the ballast water. Like chemical application, here in this process, nitrogen gas is applied to create oxygen deprivation into the ballast water. Thus, living microorganisms will die but this process takes a minimum of 48 hours to complete. A magnetic float level switchcan be used to perform this process to detect if doors and windows are properly closed.
  1. Using of UV Lamps: – Some of the Ballast Water Treatment Systemuses UV lamps to kill the living micro sea organisms. In this process, when water passes through ballast tanks, ultraviolet rays fully impact the DNA of the living micro creatures. This process is highly effective. 

Conclusion: – After covering all the major parts of the topic, we are confident that you will get enough information regarding the topic. Go through the points more than once to clear your concept.