6 Different Types of Gantry Cranes and Their Uses

Types of Gantry Cranes

Gantry cranes play a pivotal role in various industries, providing efficient and versatile lifting solutions. These cranes are known for their stability and mobility, making them indispensable in applications where heavy loads need to be moved with precision. In this article, we will explore six different types of gantry cranes and delve into their specific uses across different industries.

Single Girder Gantry Crane

The single girder gantry crane is a cost-effective lifting solution widely used in warehouses, manufacturing facilities, and construction sites. With a single girder spanning the width of the crane, it is an excellent choice for lifting loads up to 20 tons. Its compact design allows for easy installation and optimal use of space, making it ideal for operations with limited room.


Material handling in warehouses.

Loading and unloading of trucks in manufacturing facilities.

Small-scale construction projects.

Double Girder Gantry Crane

The double girder gantry crane is a heavy-duty option designed for lifting larger loads. With two girders supporting the trolley and hoist, this type of crane offers increased stability and load capacity. Double girder gantry cranes are commonly employed in industries requiring precision and strength, such as steel mills and shipyards.


Handling heavy machinery in steel fabrication plants.

Shipbuilding and dockyards for lifting ship components.

Large-scale construction projects.

Rail Mounted Gantry Crane (RMG)

Rail mounted gantry cranes are commonly found in container terminals and shipping yards. These cranes move along a set of rails, providing a high level of efficiency in loading and unloading shipping containers from vessels. The ability to travel along a predefined path ensures precise positioning, making them essential for time-sensitive operations.


Container handling at ports.

Loading and unloading of goods in intermodal yards.

Stacking containers in storage yards.

Rubber-Tired Gantry Crane (RTG)

Rubber-tired gantry cranes are mobile cranes equipped with wheels, offering flexibility in movement and positioning. These cranes find applications in container terminals and storage yards, providing an alternative to the rail-mounted gantry crane. The rubber tires allow for easy navigation on different surfaces, making them suitable for diverse environments.


Container stacking and retrieval in container yards.

Handling heavy materials in storage yards.

Versatile material handling in outdoor environments.

Adjustable (Portable) Gantry Crane

Adjustable or portable gantry cranes are versatile solutions that can be easily moved and adjusted to accommodate various lifting needs. These cranes are popular in workshops and maintenance facilities where a temporary lifting solution is required. The adjustability of the crane’s height and span makes it adaptable to different tasks.


Lifting and positioning heavy equipment in workshops.

Maintenance and repair operations in industrial facilities.

Temporary lifting needs in various settings.

Cantilever Gantry Crane

Cantilever gantry cranes are designed with a single upright support, allowing for an extended horizontal arm. This configuration is advantageous when lifting materials beyond the reach of a standard gantry crane. Commonly used in outdoor settings, cantilever gantry cranes offer a unique solution for specific applications.


Loading and unloading of goods in outdoor storage areas.

Lifting and positioning materials in open-air construction sites.

Handling oversized or irregularly shaped loads.


In conclusion, gantry cranes are essential tools in a wide range of industries, providing efficient and reliable lifting solutions. Understanding the different types of gantry cranes and their specific uses enables industries to choose the most suitable option for their unique requirements. Whether it’s a single girder crane for a small warehouse or a rail-mounted gantry crane for a bustling port, these versatile machines continue to play a vital role in the smooth operation of various industrial processes.