Information Technology is continuously moving to advancement and has led to the development of the electric power market. As a result, many affordable local electricians have emerged.
There is an immense increase in the demand for electrical energy with the advancement in technology that has become a challenge for both its production and distribution. By increasing the requirement for greater reliability, efficiency, security, and environmental and energy sustainability concerns, this rising demand is growing complexities for the power grids.
What is a Smart Grid?
To increase the distribution system of electricity efficiency, more reliable and sustainable, Smart Grid is a conceptual technique in which all smart features are implemented.
Role of Smart Grid in Advance Electrical Supply
For a better generation of electric power, smart grid technology has a way for a solution. It is also one of the efficient ways for transmission and distribution of this power. It requires less space as compared to traditional grids and can be more easily installed due to its versatility. In developing countries, these smart grids have a huge potential and could be a solution to the reliability of power transmission and distribution.
By efficiently distributing the electric power, smart grids ultimately reduce greenhouse gases and pollutants such as NOx and SOx. It ensures the best economical utilization of energy and also helps the customers to forecast its demand.
With the start of the distribution system of electrical networks, this concept starts evolving whereas there is no specific start of smart grid. With the start of the distribution system of electrical networks, this concept starts evolving. Control, monitor, prices, and services of transmission and distribution of electrical power are the different requirements that were needed by the time.
Installation of the smart meter is associated with smart grid implementation. They were earlier used to send the information of consumers back to the grid earlier in the 1970s and ’80s. But the reliability and efficiency of energy transmission and distribution via electric power grid is the most fundamental need which is still under consideration even with the latest advancement.
But research is undergoing in the latest advancement that grids and network systems should not limit to transmission and distribution but also play a vital role in generating clean and sustainable energy. This was done to reduce the carbon footprint and greenhouse gases.
In the era of the smart grid, different countries of the world have stepped forward. To test feasibility before execution on full-scale development and change, many of them are working on smart grid pilot projects or taking initiatives of this concept. Already the options like smart grid for reducing carbon emission and energy security have been considered by the government of different countries like Australia, the United States, China, Britain, South Korea, and Japan.
Top Features of Smart Grid as an Advanced Electrical Supply
The customer need that is measured as reliability is the main deciding factor for the success of the grid system. This means a continuous supply of electric power as a flawless and errorless system. Smart Grid allows the self-healing of the system and has the potential to detect any fault.
For the Smart Grid evolution, security is one of the challenging issues. The grid is made more vulnerable by cyber assault with the increase of automation, remote monitoring, and controlling. Cyber security of the system is one of the biggest issues of the smart grid according to the electric power research Institute.
To interact with the grid by using two ways communication ability, the Smart grid provides the demand side. For the consumer, it provides a chance to use electric power economically. It will also help for increasing efficiency at the distribution end and the demand side. By reducing or shifting power requirements to alternatives it helps the grid to reduce demand and stress during peak periods.
To full fill the increasing electricity demand and reduce greenhouse gasses, power generation from renewable resources likes, the solar, wind, battery storage devices are been of high consideration.
Well, from above it is crystal clear that with the advanced smart grid technology, the development of the electric power market has taken place. This has acted as an opportunity for affordable local electricians. Many electric companies are trying their best to maintain the pace with the development.