Winter’s bitter chills may tempt you to reach for an extra cup of hot chocolate and a warm pair of pajamas, but your toddler is itching to get outside and investigate the fluffy white stuff falling from the sky. Perhaps you just need a pint of milk and are expected to brave the bitter cold with a child in tow.
In any case, you might be worried about your child’s risk of frostbite, particularly because they can’t really tell you when they’re cold. Not to mention the fact that frostbite on the nose, neck, cheeks, fingertips, and toes is more common in babies and small children.
Here’s how to avoid, recognize, and treat frostbite in infants and kids.
What is a frostbite?
Frostbite is a form of tissue damage caused by prolonged exposure to extremely cold temperatures. It occurs when the skin and, in some cases, layers of tissues freeze. Frostbitten regions are very extremely cold to touch and turn a light gray or white color. If left unchecked, frostbite can result in permanent injury and, in serious and extremely rare circumstances, amputation.
Is a frostnip the same as a frostbite?
No, it’s not the same. Frostnip is far less severe than frostbite and much more widespread. The infected body part becomes icy and pale as a result of frostnip, but rewarming is less intense and requires less time. Frostnip can irritate the skin, causing redness and irritation, but it does not affect the skin permanently.
- The below are some of the signs of frostnip:
- Skin that appears to be red
- Skin that is tingly or cold
- Frostbite can cause the following symptoms:
- Red skin that turns white or grayish-yellow over time
- Burning, tingling, or numb skin
- Skin that is swollen and hard
- Blistering and soreness are signs of severe frostbite
- Death of a tissue termed as necrosis
- Skin discoloration, irritation, and infection (gangrene)
- Deeper tissues, such as fat and muscle, are harmed.
How to prevent your child from frostbite or frostnip?
- Feed them with warming food: Before going out in the cold, make sure to feed your baby a meal or snack; sustaining body heat in cold weather requires a lot of energy.
- Cover their body: A rain cover will keep ice and cold breeze out of a stroller, and a fleece-lined stroller sack will keep baby warm on a short walk. For that matter, no infant can be left out in the cold for an extended period of time. Buy organic baby knitwearto keep them warm and comfortable.
- Build up the layers: The use of several layers of clothing is important (undershirt, shirt, sweatshirt, coat; cotton and fleece work particularly well). Layers keep the baby safe, and you can take them off one at a time while inside the car or the store. In addition to Mom and Dad, babies and toddlers need anorganic baby blanketto keep them warm.
What should you do to help your child?
Frostnip is usually treatable at home. To do so, follow these steps:
- Get your kid inside.
- Place him or her in clean, dry clothing.
- Warm towels or covers should be used to keep his or her skin warm. Alternatively, soak the affected area in warm water before sensation recovers. Check to see if the water is too hot.
- Allow no longer than 30 minutes for the area to soak. Stop rubbing or massaging the muscle.
- Direct heat, such as a heating pad or a burn, should be avoided. This can cause skin irritation.
- If warming the skin does not really help, or if your child shows signs of frostbite, contact your child’s doctor right away.
When your kid shows symptoms of frostbite,
- Try to warm the affected areas against your body right away. Tuck your baby within your jacket and sweater, next to your skin. Then get to a hospital or the nearest emergency department as soon as possible.
- If this isn’t feasible right away, try to get the baby indoors and eventually warm the frostbitten regions.
Here’s how to do it in a healthy manner:
- Remove wet clothes from your baby or child and wrap him or her in soft dry blankets.
- Keep your baby warm by breastfeeding him or giving him a warm but not too hot bottle of water or milk
- Soak the affected area in warm water for a few minutes
When to contact the doctor?
If the numbness lasts more than a few minutes, contact your pediatrician or take your child to the emergency room right away.
For your little one, winter is a world of discovery. He does not care that his teeny tiny toes are overly exposed to the cold, whether he’s making a snowman to rival all snowmen or just snuggled in a baby sling.
However, you can shield your infant or toddler from the risks of harsh winter conditions by carefully protecting them from head to toe, taking breaks, recognizing the early symptoms of frostbite, and consulting with your doctor.
I am Andrea Micheal, a post-graduate in humanities and communications, and an inquisitive person who loves writing. I’m working for Tiny Twig and my forte is digitalmarketing and everything that has to do with phones and screens. I am someone who believes that one person can make a change, and that’s precisely why I took up writing, which is the best tool to communicate these days. I have a decade of experience in writing and marketing, and I still find myself learning new things about it, which I want to share with my readers.