The autology community is active, informed; eager to participate and learn more every day. And just as there are participants with a very high degree of knowledge about the motor world, there are some others who are beginning to soak up this world and ask us questions that are interesting for the bulk of the population and for a good part of the readers who are in the process of buying a car and fall into our content.
That is why we have been doing this type of content to solve all kinds of doubts about the world of used cars online. One of those requested in recent days refers to the supplementary restraint system also known as airbags or airbags, which falls like a glove 46 years after its creation.
- Exists since 1971 and was patented by Mercedes-Benz on October 23; However, it was not until 1981 that it was introduced into a production car after several years of testing: the Mercedes S-Class W126.
Their effectiveness is such that they have become popular over the years and are, today, one of the most important passive safety systems (waiting to take action only in the event of an accident) in cars.
2. It is a gas bag that inflates instantly and basically serves to prevent passengers from hitting the solid parts of the interior of the car, in addition to absorbing part of the kinetic energy of the body and gently slowing the movement of the occupant.
3. But beware, the role of the airbags will not be fulfilled if the passengers are not wearing seat belts. Airbags do not replace the belt, but rather complement it.
In fact, they start their work after the belt exceeds the retention capacity and they need that “extra help”.
4. In the event of an accident, sensors located in different impact zones, either in front or to the side of the car, activate the system.
5. The airbags deploy at a speed of 300 km / h and manage to inflate between 30 and 40 thousandths of a second and, in less than another second, the bag retained the body and already deflated.
6. The most common locations are in the front, one that folds out from the steering wheel and one from the dash, on the passenger side. These act in the event of a frontal impact and both prevent passengers from hitting the steering wheel or dashboard.
7. There are bags called Two-Stage, which are deployed in different sizes depending on the severity of the impact, helping in a better way to protect the occupants.
8. They are also located on the seat or doors and are called lateral, as they protect passengers in the event of perpendicular impacts.
9. There are also those of the Cortina type, which protects the head a little more from impacts and is usually also deployed when the system detects that the car is involved in a rollover.
10. Advances are increasing and there are even knee airbags, which protect the legs of the passengers in front of contact with the dashboard.
11. And as if this were not enough, new so-called anti-submarine have been developed, since in certain accidents the body of the occupant could move a little below the belt or those offered by Ford within the rear seat belts.
12. It is estimated that, in a frontal collision, the risk of dying by accident can be reduced by 30%.
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