Everything to Know about Diabetes and Stay Under Control

Diabetes or diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease that can lead to high blood sugar. The hormone insulin will move sugar from your blood into the cells to store or use them for energy. When you suffer from diabetes, the body either will not produce sufficient insulin or cannot use insulin effectively. Your private doctor in London will test your blood sugar and see whether it is in control. If the high sugar is not treated, then this may cause damage to the eyes, nerves, kidneys and other organs.

Different kinds of diabetes are the following:

  • Type 1 diabetes happens when your immune system attacks and even destroys cells in your pancreas where the insulin is formed. Nearly 10 percent people who have diabetes suffer from this kind.
  • Type 2 diabetes takes place when the body gets highly resistant to insulin and there is formation of sugar in the blood.
  • Prediabetes happens when the blood sugar is higher than normal but it wouldn’t be high for type 2 diabetes.
  • Gestational diabetes means higher blood sugar at the time of pregnancy. Insulin-blocked hormones produced due to placenta may lead to this kind of diabetes.
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There is a rare condition known as diabetes insipidus which isn’t associated with diabetes mellitus. This condition happens when your kidneys remove excess fluid from the body.

Symptoms of diabetes

  • increased thirst
  • frequent urination
  • weight loss
  • increased hunger
  • increased thirst
  • blurred vision
  • unhealed sores
  • extreme fatigue

Symptoms in men

Men who suffer from have the problem of diabetes may experience decreased sex, erectile dysfunction and improper strength of muscles. Symptoms in women

Women who have diabetes may have the symptoms of yeast infections, urinary tract infections and itchy skin.

Symptoms of type 1 diabetes

  • increase in thirst
  • extreme hunger
  • urinate frequently
  • unintentional loss of weight
  • hazy eyesight
  • extreme tiredness

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes

  • increased urination
  • increased hunger
  • blurred vision
  • increased thirst
  • sores that heal slowly
  • severe fatigue

Symptoms of gestational diabetes

Women who have gestational diabetes may detect the condition through a sugar test or oral glucose tolerance performed between 24th and 28th weeks of gestation.

Causes of diabetes

Type 1 diabetes

The doctors are not aware about the exact cause for type 1 diabetes. Due to some reason, the immune system may attack and even destroy insulin-forming beta cells in your pancreas. The genes may have an important role for some people.

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes occurs with the combination of genetics as well as lifestyle factors. If you are obese or overweight, then this increases your risk level too. Having extra weight in the belly will make the cells highly resistant to insulin effects on sugar level.

Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes occurs due to changes in the hormone when you re pregnant. The placenta makes the hormones that make the cells of a pregnant woman less sensitive to insulin effects. This may lead to high sugar at the time of pregnancy.

Women who seem to be overweight or gain lots of weight during pregnancy will probably get gestational diabetes.

Risk factors with diabetes

Type 1 diabetes

You will probably suffer from type 1 diabetes if you are a teenager, your parent or sibling is having this condition r you carry some genes associated with the disease.  

Type 2 diabetes

You may have type 2 diabetes in case you:

  • are overweigt
  • are above 45 years and above
  • have either parent or sibling who has this condition
  • have had gestational diabetes
  • are not physically fit
  • have prediabetes
  • have high cholesterol level
  • suffer from high pressure
  • have high triglycerides

Gestational diabetes

You are at higher risk for gestational diabetes when you:

  • are more than 25 years
  • are overweight
  • had gestational diabetes during your earlier pregnancy
  • have given birth to a baby who weighs more than 9 pounds
  • have a family record of type 2 diabetes
  • have polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS

Complications with diabetes

Higher sugar level may cause damage to the tissues and organs of your body. Thus, the higher your blood sugar is and the longer you are going to stay with it, the greater will be your risk for complications.

Certain complications with diabetes are:

  • Heart disease and stroke
  • Nephropathy
  • Neuropathy
  • Loss of vision and retinopathy
  • Hearing problem
  • Foot damage that cause infections and sores that do not heal properly
  • depression
  • dementia
  • Skin problems such as fungal and bacterial infections

Gestational diabetes

Uncontrolled gestational diabetes may cause problems for the mother and baby. Some complications include the following:

  • More than normal weight during birth
  • Premature birth
  • Increased risk for type 2 diabetes in future
  • Jaundice
  • Low level of blood sugar
  • stillbirth

The mother may develop some complications like type 2 diabetes and high pressure. She may require to have cesarean delivery which is called a C-section.

While type 1 occur due to factors which are out of control, type 2 may be avoided with better choice of food, loss of weight and increased activities. Talk to your private gp about risk factors and follow the advice properly for keeping your sugar level in good control.

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